Frequently asked question

1. Is it allowed to import goods into the territory of the Russian Federation with deferred payment? How long is the maximum delay?
The legislation of the Russian Federation provides for the importation of goods with deferred payment when providing a transaction passport, which is 180 days. In the production of customs clearance of goods on transactions involving the payment or import of goods, works, services, results of intellectual activity within a period of more than 180 days, it is necessary to submit a permit of the Bank of Russia to carry out these operations. Otherwise, customs clearance is not performed.
2. Adjustment of the customs value of the goods: what awaits the importer after the customs clearance of the goods?

According to the order of adjustment of the customs value of goods, approved By the decision Of the Commission of the Customs Union of September 20, 2010 №376, the adjustment can be carried out by the results of customs control before the release of goods, the results of additional inspection and customs control after the release of goods.

Adjustment of the customs value of goods includes: calculation of the value of the adjusted customs value of goods, recalculation of duties, taxes and customs duties.

Do not agree with the CCC and confirm the declared value of the goods can be!

This can be done directly at the time of submission of the Declaration and the subsequent customs operation to adjust the declared value. The regulation on the control of the customs value of goods imported into the customs territory of the Russian Federation (approved By the order of the state customs Committee of Russia dated December 5, 2003 № 1399") provides an opportunity to exercise the right to prove the accuracy of the initially declared value.

In case of disagreement of the customs with the declared CU and the declarant's refusal to adjust it, the customs authority shall hand over to the declarant an official request for submission of additional documents to confirm the declared customs value, and also establishes the period within which these documents must be submitted. This period, as a General rule, may not exceed 45 days from the date of receipt of the request.

After providing this package of documents, the customs authority is obliged within three days to consider the submitted documents, and then accept the declared customs value.


3. How to calculate the basis for the calculation of taxes in the implementation of foreign trade?

The customs value of the goods includes the cost of the goods themselves, the price of insurance of the goods and most often the delivery of the goods. The norms of article 12 Of the law of the Russian Federation "on customs tariff" provide several methods for calculating the customs value of imported goods:

The cost of the transaction with the imported goods (the price of goods for sale in Russia + additional costs (insurance, transport, warehouse, etc.)))
The cost of the transaction with identical goods (the cost of identical goods is taken (all other things being equal-transport, warehouse, insurance, certification, etc. – ))
The cost of a transaction with homogeneous goods (Calculated identically to method 2, but based on homogeneous goods)
Subtraction method (average price of identical or homogeneous goods-additional costs (transport, warehouse, insurance, certification, etc.)))
Method of addition (calculated and added up the cost of production of goods, overhead, management costs, etc.))
Reserve method (in this case one of the above methods is used, but homogeneous goods sold outside Russia are estimated).

4. What are" customs risks " and how to avoid them?

According to Appendix № 1 to the Order № 155 of the state customs Committee of the Russian Federation there is the following list of risks in the implementation of the release of goods:

Discrepancies in the information contained in the electronic notice from the customs authority of departure, as well as the document of control of the process of delivery of goods or the book of foreign economic activity, with respect to the information that is stated in the cargo customs Declaration, if these discrepancies can lead to a decrease in the amount of tax
Application in one customs Declaration for goods that have been delivered by means of several vehicles (wagons, containers). Exceptions are liquid and bulk cargoes, goods that are transported by rail using open rolling stock.
The statement of one lot of goods that are transported in a single vehicle road transport in several declarations (the separation of the application of the party).
Submission of goods for customs clearance to the authorized body, which is not customs, which is specified in the delivery control documentation, as well as the TIR Carnet.
Inconsistency of information on the product (its weight, country of origin, name, price) in the documentation confirming the control of delivery or such customs shipping document as the TIR Carnet..
The presence in the shipping and shipping documents of any corrections that have not been certified in accordance with the procedure established by law.
The absence of any of the documents that are necessary for the implementation of legal customs clearance of goods and cargo.
Goods declared in the customs Declaration and deliberately classified in the so-called "risk/cover" or second-hand goods. It does not matter the quantity of goods assigned to the above groups in one motor vehicle, wagon or container.
If there is no account card of the participant of foreign economic activity (card of the participant of foreign economic activity).
A significant difference (20% or more) between the weight (gross/net) of goods carried in one vehicle (car, wagon or container).
How to avoid customs risks?

Over the long history of work on the Russian market the specialists of the company "customs brokers Association" have gained invaluable experience in the implementation of hundreds of contracts of various sizes and levels of complexity, providing outsourcing, freight forwarding services, customs brokerage services and advice on international trade issues.

Choosing us, you entrust foreign trade issues to professionals, while keeping the opportunity to focus on the implementation of its core business.

5. What are the differences between a customs broker and a customs representative?

Customs broker is a generic name for companies that provide customs clearance services to their customers and represent their interests in customs, sanitary, veterinary, phytosanitary and other licensing and regulatory authorities and services. This term — "customs broker" - is a little dated. At the moment, after the introduction of the customs code of the Customs Union, another name for such companies — customs broker.


At the moment, when they say "customs broker", they mean "customs representative".

6. What can help and advise the customs representative (broker)?

Customs representative is a company specializing in customs clearance of import or export cargo. But the customs representative is engaged not only in highly specialized activities — representation of the client at the customs. The range of its activities is wider.


Customs representative advises the client at the stage of signing the contract, helps to choose the necessary conditions of delivery (according to Incoterms 2010), explains the features of trade with different countries, especially transportation, advises on currency legislation, document management, pricing, logistics and much more.

Currently, the customs representative can take care of all the customer's foreign trade issues .

7. Our company would like to become a participant of foreign economic activity. Where to start? What are the first steps to take?

Any legal entity and individual can become a participant of foreign economic activity (FEA). The first steps are usually to find a partner abroad-a supplier or a buyer, and then negotiate with him in order to conclude a contract with him for the supply of goods.


If a firm wishing to find a partner abroad can act without experience in foreign trade, it is desirable to consult with people or firms with experience in signing such contracts before entering into a contract.

It can be consultants from law firms, but most often, such a consultant becomes a customs representative (sometimes such a firm is also called a "customs broker").

8. What data should be provided to the customs representative (broker) to help the company to start foreign economic activity?

It is necessary to inform the Manager of the customs representative of their intentions, for example, to purchase any goods abroad or sell it abroad. The Manager will give you advice on the cost of customs clearance, will announce the list of necessary supporting and permits required for customs clearance.


Typically, such consultations are given by phone or e-mail when you first contact the customs representative. Further, if the client is satisfied with the information received, the Manager advises the client and helps to conclude a contract on favorable terms for the client, helps to choose the method of delivery, helps to prepare the documents necessary for customs clearance at the Russian customs.

It is advisable to start consultations with the customs representative (broker) before or during the conclusion of the contract. In this case, a specialist of the company — customs representative — will be able to check all the documents for delivery at the moment when the supplier can correct them. Experienced staff of the customs representative will identify errors, inaccuracies and help to correct them when it is still possible. In addition, the consultant of the customs representative will inform the client of the list of necessary documents for delivery, explain for what purposes they are needed, how they should be filled in to meet the requirements of the Russian customs.

9. What are the actions of the customs representative in the delivery of goods?

The range of these actions is wide.


At the beginning, the customs representative advises the client on the conclusion of the contract. The Manager determines the HS code of the goods, determines the list of necessary permits. Further, it helps to choose the most convenient and correct terms of delivery (according to Incoterms 2010), helps to choose the transport. After shipment, the Manager will check all the accompanying documents, give recommendations on their adjustment, if necessary. The Manager of the customs representative will help to track the client's cargo throughout the cargo transportation.

The Manager will help to make a schedule of payments for the goods, based on the terms of the contract. The customs representative will help the client to prepare all the necessary documents for customs clearance before the cargo arrives at the customs and clear the cargo as soon as possible. The customs representative assumes the functions of representing the client before the customs authorities and speaks to them on behalf of the client and on his behalf, effectively and as much as possible to protect the interests of the client within the law.

After customs clearance, the customs representative helps the client to complete the transaction-to close the passport of the foreign trade transaction, advises or assists the client in customs audit or verification

10.We need help with customs clearance. What can You offer me?
"Association of customs brokers" is ready to provide all customs activities with 100% result. We work with goods of various nomenclatures, provide a full range of customs services. In addition, you can count on professional legal support, as well as the minimum time of registration of goods. We are a licensed customs representative with more than 10 years of experience, and are able to fully keep contractual promises.
11. Specify the price for customs clearance service
Prices in each case are calculated individually, as the price of services depends on many factors. It and load characteristics, and the specific mode for each customs office, and other factors. If you want to know the cost exactly, please fill out the form, which is available on the website or call the contact numbers – our experienced brokers will quickly calculate the cost, as well as advise on issues of interest.
12. What documents do I need to collect?

As well as with the cost, the list of documentation is determined individually. The type of cargo and related nuances, the place (i.e. terminal) where customs clearance will be carried out are taken into account. You can find out the list of documents required for cargo crossing the border of the Russian Federation here (the list regulated by article 183 of the customs code).


Since you need to know what documents are necessary for you, we offer to contact our specialists in a convenient way for you and to announce what kind of cargo and where it is necessary to deliver.

13. Specify, and customs clearance, customs clearance and cleaning – it's the same thing?

Yes, only the name changes, and the meaning is the same. Under these concepts, it is assumed that the documentation required for the successful crossing of the border by goods, payment of customs duties.


Customs clearance is considered an official term used in legislation, the term "customs clearance" is also very popular, but it is not used in the Customs code. And "customs clearance" is, so to speak, a word from professional jargon.

14. What is the difference between" customs agent "and"customs broker"?
No difference. Both concepts can be used to refer to the company providing customs clearance services and representing the interests of the principals in customs and other authorities. Sometimes these companies are also called a customs broker.
15. What is the accreditation procedure at customs?

Accreditation is a necessary event in which a company wishing to master foreign economic activity enters itself, or rather, information about itself, into the list. This list is called the card of accreditation.


Among the recorded information: the address of the company, its legal name, as well as information about the accounts. Also, the card contains information about the Director of the company, as well as all persons who are authorized to work with the customs authorities.

For customs clearance of goods at the terminals of the Russian Federation, the accreditation procedure is mandatory.

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